What is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)?
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder that affects between 5 and 10 percent of women of reproductive age. Women with this hormonal disorder may have enlarged ovaries with cysts of varying sizes. Cysts on the ovaries are not all that uncommon. In fact, many women have these noncancerous growths and don’t even realize it, as they oftentimes are small and asymptomatic.
In women with PCOS, however, the cysts may grow to the size of 2 inches or more, which oftentimes necessitates treatment. Common symptoms of PCOS include abnormal menstrual cycles, infertility, excess androgen (which can cause male-pattern baldness or excessive facial and body hair), and cysts on the ovaries. (It’s possible to have PCOS but not have ovarian cysts.)
What PCOS treatments are available?
Women with PCOS have many treatment options in Mesa, Tempe and Gilbert through East Valley Women’s Medical Group. That being the case, it’s important to understand that there is no “cure” for polycystic ovary syndrome. Rather, your women’s health provider will work with you to manage symptoms. By managing your condition, your provider may be able to reduce the severity of symptoms and pain caused by cysts.
Tell me about managing PCOS symptoms in Mesa, Tempe and Gilbert.
Your options may include:
- Medication to regulate the menstrual cycle. This could be an oral birth control pill or some other form of hormonal contraception (whether you’re sexually active or not).
- Medications to promote ovulation.
- The use of hormonal birth control to decrease androgen production and therefore prevent excessive hair growth.
- Other drugs for acne, hair loss, excessive hair growth, and skin conditions may also be prescribed.
- Lastly, surgery may be recommended if ovarian cysts are large enough to cause significant pain or danger. Surgery is a last effort in most all cases.
Pelvic Pain? Learn More About PCOS Treatment in Mesa, Tempe and Gilbert.
Keep in mind: pelvic pain can be caused by many health conditions – some of which are not even GYN-related. Only a physician can diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome. If you’re suffering from pelvic pain in the Mesa, Gilbert or Tempe, AZ areas, schedule an appointment with a women’s health provider at East Valley Women’s Medical Group. You can schedule online, or call to make your appointment.
Please consult with your physician before undertaking any form of medical treatment or adopting any exercise program or dietary guidelines.